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Ukrainian traditional pattern (cross-stitch)

The history of Ukrainian traditional embroidered dress originates in ancient times.
Even before the formation of Kievan Rus, there was a custom to wear an embroidered shirt - embroidered with a unique pattern for the holiday, for every day - from coarse fabric, sometimes decorated with a small pattern.
Ukrainian cross-stitch
Traditionally, embroidered shirts were made from coarse fabric - homespun hemp or linen.
This is both an unbleached grayish cloth and snow-white, worn for a holiday.
Ukrainian embroideries have a lot of similarities with the traditional costumes of other East Slavic peoples. The similarity was both in cut and in pattern.

Each region of Ukraine had its own characteristics in the applied colors of the pattern:

Традиционная узор Полтава Украина - схема вышивки крестом

Poltava region

In the Poltava region, a white pattern on white fabric was adopted. Very often it was a white surface. Sometimes there were patterns made with red or gray threads. The white pattern was surrounded by colored or black lines.
Традиционная узор Буковина Украина - схема вышивки крестом

Bukovina

In Bukovina, in a pattern on an embroidered shirt, there are black, yellow and orange colors. For the pattern, various threads are used - silk, wool. A lot of bead embroidery. Traditionally used pattern with the image of animals.
Традиционный узор Южная Украина - схема вышивки крестиком

South of Ukraine

South Ukrainian patterns usually consist of many colors. The main motifs of the picture are floral patterns. The pattern is done with a cross or half-cross.
Традиционный узор Черниговщина Украина - схема вышивки крестиком

Chernihiv region

In the Chernihiv region, the pattern was made with thin threads with a characteristic pattern of small stitches inherent in this particular region. The colors of the threads are white, black, red, blue, yellow.
Традиционный узор Волынь Украина - схема вышивки крестиком

Volyn region

In the Volyn region, the embroidery pattern is characterized by a predominantly one-color simple compositional pattern made with red thread.
Традиционный узор Полесье Украина - схема вышивки крестиком

Polesie region

In the Polesie region, the pattern for cross stitch consists of a continuous ornament of flowers or geometric shapes in black and red. This is usually a simple drawing. Embroidery with red thread on white or unbleached linen.
Традиционный узор Киевщина Украина - схема вышивки крестиком

Kiev region

In the Kiev region, the pattern of embroidered shirts is dominated by the interweaving of geometric and floral patterns of red, white and black. Plant patterns of grapes are intertwined with hop cones, rhombuses and squares. Slight use of black to color the picture.
Традиционный узор Подол Украина - схема вышивки крестиком

Podolsky region

Podolsk patterns are distinguished by a combination of different embroidery techniques. A cross and a simple surface are used. The main ornament is made in one color, but small details can be made with a palette of different thread colors. Podolsk embroideries are distinguished by variegated colors.
Традиционный узор Тернопольщина Украина - схема вышивки крестиком

Ternopil region

In the Ternopil region, patterns are made with very dense stitches. This gives the patterns relief and volume. As a rule, this is a one-color pattern edged with a thread of a different color.
Традиционный узор Карпаты Украина - схема вышивки крестиком

Carpathians

Carpathian ornaments stand out very much. A very large wealth of thread colors. According to the pattern of Carpathian embroidery, you can identify the place where such a product was made with an accuracy of one village. Each village had its own unique ornament and its own combination of colors.
Традиционный узор Закарпатье Украина - схема вышивки крестом

Закарпатье

Вышиванки Закарпатья отличает зигзагообразный узор. Основые цвета — красный и черный, с преобладанием какого одного цвета.
Традиционный узор Винничина Украина - схема вышивки крестиком

Винничина

Винницкие вышиванки характеризуются смешением различных техник вышивки. Используются и гладь, и мережка, и вышивка крестом.
Традиционный узор Львовщина Украина - схема вышивки крестом

Львовщина

Для Львовской вышивки характерно сочетание различных техник в узоре. Узоры состоят из элементов, расположенных на большом расстоянии друг от друга, что придает орнаменту воздушность.
Традиционный узор Винничина Украина - схема вышивки крестиком

Запорожье

Запорожьские вышиванки вышиваются в красно-черных тонах, с преобладанием красного цвета. Узоры, в большинстве, не замысловаты — крупные и геометрические. Традиционно, используются растительные мотивы.
Традиционный узор Закарпатье Украина - схема вышивки крестом

Ивано-Франковск

Ивано-франковские вышиванки обладают, как считается, самой богатой отделкой и исполнением. Разнообразие орнаметов и цветов нити. Рисунок очень плотный и заполненный элементами.
Традиционный украинский узор
В настоящее время узоры для украинских вышиванок выполняют как в давние времена - вручную.
Но это если нужно сделать вышиванку в единичном экземпляре.
Для производства вышитой одежды в промышленном объеме, используют современные технологии - компьютерную машинную вышивку.
Так древнее искусство рукоделия приобрело продолжение в современном веке промышленного производства.
Also, in continuation of the theme of Ukrainian embroidery, we recommend an article on modern Ukrainian embroidery.

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Computer Embroidery Center "Atlas D" private enterprise

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