Machine cross stich

Embroidery cross stitch — one of the forms of ancient art of embroidery.

Traditional handmade cross is present in the culture of many nations. The story of embroidery, and in particular, cross-stitch has more than one hundred years.

Traditional Ukrainian embroidery patterns is associated with cross stitch.

Hand embroidery cross in the era of computers and the Internet moves more towards talented hobby handy people.

For industrial use embroidery requires more technological way to create an embroidered pattern on the dress.

Computer machine embroidery cross stitch - an attempt to create a computer simulation of hand embroidery.

If you choose the right design, the thickness of the thread and cross size, distinguish hand embroidery cross from the machine will be able to cross only an experienced specialist.

So what is the difference between hand and machine embroidery, cross stitch?

The main difference in the method of forming a cross. Hand embroidery is created using one of the upper thread. With machine embroidery pattern is created using two threads - the bottom and top. In manual embroidery of the cross consists of two cross-stitches.

And when the machine embroidery just put two stitches does not work. The upper thread, we can not just interrupt - so you have to complicate the scheme of embroidery stitches up to five instead of two. This makes it difficult for embroidery scheme, but all the same embroidery machine more quickly create a pattern of five stitches than two needlewoman.

There are several main types of cross stitch. For more information about the types of machine covered in crosses article.

Stitch density depends on the artistic concept of the designer. When creating embroidery schemes can both increase the density of the cross, and to increase the density due to the decrease of the cross.

Less than two millimeters in size of the cross does not make sense to decrease - due to peculiarities of the application pattern embroidery machine stitches appear small size and cross simply lose their shape.

Exemplary embodiments of various size cross stitch

Cross stitch - viscose thread #40 (120/2)
cross stitch scheme 4mm viscose thread cross stitch scheme 2mm viscose thread
cross stitch scheme 4mm viscose thread cross stitch scheme 5mm viscose thread

To make an embroidered shirt embroidered cross-stitch density used in several layers.

Species cross machine depending on the number of passes

Depending on the number of filaments forming a cross, distinguish:
  • single (two ply yarn) - it turns a very pale image of the pattern. Although a small amount of the cross, and this kind of stitch gives a good view;
  • double (four ply yarn) - the most common type of machine the cross because of the good relations appearance - price for machine embroidery stitch;
  • triple (six ply yarn) - a more expensive option and solid;
  • quad (eight ply yarn) - a cross in embroidery hardly used because of its price and a large amount of tissue puncture.

Increasing the density of the pattern is preferably achieved not by increasing the number of threads additions, and by the use of thicker thread for machine embroidery.

This is the same pattern of embroidery made with a thicker thread:

It looks good computer machine embroidery cross embroidered special thick cotton thread

Cross stitch - cotton thread #30
cross stitch scheme 4mm cotton thread cross stitch scheme 4mm cotton thread
cross stitch scheme 5mm cotton thread cross stitch scheme 6mm cotton thread

Machine cross stith made even a thicker thread for embroidery

Cross stitch - viscose thread #12
cross stitch scheme 3mm viscose thread cross stitch scheme 4mm viscose thread
cross stitch scheme 5mm viscose thread cross stitch scheme 4mm viscose thread

A small cross in the 2mm thick thread does not make sense to embroider. For some it makes sense to increase the maximum size of the cross up to 7 mm. This is the case if the embroidered pattern allows the existence of such large parts.

Sample of cross embroidery - cotton thread Gunold Cotty 30
embroidery cross-stitch thread Gunold Cotty 30 embroidery cross-stitch - cotton thread 30 embroidery cross-stitch cotton

Application of thicker acrylic yarn, such as Gunold Filaine difficult. Most industrial embroidery equipment is not designed for the use of such yarns. This thread can embroider the individual orders. But when you need to make a big order for machine embroidery, embroidery thread this very difficult.

Custom embroidery cross-stitch Kiev, Dnepropetrovsk


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